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Silverton View the Map

Aboriginal trackers worked at Silverton police station from January 1884 until October 1890.  They were initially based in a small timber and iron structure that also served as the gaol.  The more substantial police station and gaol shown in the photograph were completed in 1889, only one year before the last tracker departed Silverton.  The gaol itself was only used until 1892, by which time the Silverton population was in decline.  The police station and gaol are now the local museum.[1]See Police Salary Registers, 1884-1890; Silverton by R.H.B. Kearns, published by the Broken Hill Historical Society, 1972.

The town was surveyed in 1883 and the population initially boomed thanks to the discovery of nearby lodes of silver ore, reaching a peak of 3,000 in the mid-1880s.  Unsurprisingly, trackers were sometimes asked to investigate thefts of ore.  In August 1886, Tracker Frank pursued a dray packed with over 150kg of stolen silver.  The wheel ruts led Frank to the Umberumberka Hotel several kilometres west of Silverton where a suspect known as “Bat-hole Bob” was arrested.[2]Maitland Mercury and Hunter River General Advertiser 10 August 1886: 5.

Little is known about the other trackers who worked at Silverton, including Tommy, Jim (or Jemmy) Kane, Harry Bale, Harry Edwards and Harry McDonald.  Jim Kane was a well-travelled tracker, having previously worked at Jindabyne and Darlington Point.  Harry McDonald, the last tracker to work at Silverton from April to October 1890, may have been married in a traditional ceremony to an Aboriginal woman from Yallock (in Ngiyampaa country) called Nellie Policeman.  Nellie passed away at Roto in 1903.[3]Death Certificate of Nellie Policeman 1903/013299; Death Certificate of Albert McDonald 1939/013299

References   [ + ]

1. See Police Salary Registers, 1884-1890; Silverton by R.H.B. Kearns, published by the Broken Hill Historical Society, 1972.
2. Maitland Mercury and Hunter River General Advertiser 10 August 1886: 5.
3. Death Certificate of Nellie Policeman 1903/013299; Death Certificate of Albert McDonald 1939/013299

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